Difference Between Annulment and Divorce
Should you file an annulment or a divorce?
We often get the question. When people begin the process of dissolving a marriage, they often wonder about the differences between annulment and divorce.
Since we practice in Las Vegas, Nevada, we’ll stick to explaining the differences between the two in Nevada.
Significant Differences between Annulment and Divorce in Nevada
- If you were married in Nevada, you are eligible to file an annulment in Nevada without being a resident.
For a divorce, however, you must be a current Nevada resident. This alone leads people to want to file an annulment instead of a divorce if they were married in Nevada, but do not reside here, especially if divorce laws in their home state are harsh, or if it takes a long time to dissolve a marriage there.
- In a divorce, there are essentially only three valid reasons–these do NOT apply to annulment:
- Incompatibility (most divorces are filed using this reason as there is nothing to be proven)
- The parties have lived separate and apart for 1 year without cohabitation
- Insanity existing for 2 years prior to the commencement of the action
Valid Reasons for an Annulment in Nevada
The valid reasons for an annulment, are by contrast to divorce valid reasons, very broad, though you must be specific when explaining the grounds for annulment, meaning there are many causes that are eligible.
Specific details on the grounds for filing must be included in a complaint for annulment. For example, Want of Understanding is valid under NRS 125.330, however you must state in the complaint for annulment why there was a want of understanding at the time of the marriage, such as one or both parties not being in their right mind due to alcohol or drug consumption, or improper dosages of prescriptions drugs that affect mental stability, or severe emotional distress, etc.
The exact reason must be proven, mainly in cases where fraud is claimed. Valid reasons essentially fall into the following categories, which can be found in the Nevada Revised Statutes:
- NRS 320 Cause for annulment: Lack of consent of parent or guardian
- NRS 330 Cause for annulment: Want of understanding
- NRS 340 Cause for annulment: Fraud
- NRS 350 Cause for annulment: Grounds for declaring contract void in equity
Here is a comprehensive list of actual grounds for annulment used in real cases.
Loss of Privileges When Filing an Annulment Instead of a Divorce
When a marriage is annulled (ab initio, meaning from the time the marriage ceremony took place), it is as if it never took place from a legal point of view. In the eyes of the law, you were never married and cannot keep privileges you gained when you married your spouse.
For instance, if you married a U.S. citizen who sponsored you through Immigration, you will lose any immigration status obtained because you married your spouse. In other words, you will have to leave the U.S. unless you are able to obtain a visa, or residency, in some way other than because of your marriage to your spouse. In a divorce, that would not be the case. You would keep your legal status in the U.S. provided you can prove that you had a good faith marriage, meaning that you married legitimately, not for immigration purposes only, and things just didn’t work out.
How Do You Choose Between Annulment and Divorce?
It’s a very personal decision. If you are religious and divorce is frowned upon in your religion, then an annulment might be the solution for you. Keep in mind, however, that a civil annulment is not looked upon the same by all religions. The Catholic Church, for one, does not consider a civil annulment the same as a Catholic annulment; the civil annulment does not change your status with the Catholic Church.
Also, if you have young children, you might consider divorce instead of annulment even though the annulment does not make a child illegitimate. It’s a personal preference if you want your children to know that you were married to their other parent at the time of the birth or not. An annulment still addresses child support and custody same as with a divorce.
Another thing to consider is health insurance. If one of you needs to be on the other’s policy and would not be able to obtain insurance on his or her own, neither an annulment or divorce are good solutions. Only a legal separation will work in that case.
Of course, if your valid reason doesn’t fall under Nevada Statutes for grounds for annulment, then you are left with having to file a divorce, or perhaps a legal separation is a better solution for you.
Every situation is different and the above are just guidelines. It’s always best to talk to an attorney about which marriage dissolution option is best for you.